Data & Analytics

Trends That Matter: Centene’s ACA Expansion

December 17, 2020

Centene Corp., which has come to dominate the Affordable Care Act exchange market by continuing to expand even when other carriers pulled back, is facing more competition now that the market has stabilized and insurer participation has increased, AIS Health reported.

Given that dynamic, Citi analyst Ralph Giacobbe advised investors recently that he was placing a “negative catalyst watch” on Centene due to the new competitive pressures it’s facing. Centene, he observed, “was displaced as the lowest priced plan in a number of markets,” and so the insurer “will have to rely on retention and new market entry to offset competitive pressures, which could prove challenging and may stunt growth relative to expectations.”

Centene Corp., which has come to dominate the Affordable Care Act exchange market by continuing to expand even when other carriers pulled back, is facing more competition now that the market has stabilized and insurer participation has increased, AIS Health reported.

Given that dynamic, Citi analyst Ralph Giacobbe advised investors recently that he was placing a “negative catalyst watch” on Centene due to the new competitive pressures it’s facing. Centene, he observed, “was displaced as the lowest priced plan in a number of markets,” and so the insurer “will have to rely on retention and new market entry to offset competitive pressures, which could prove challenging and may stunt growth relative to expectations.”

SVB Leerink analyst Stephen Tanal, however, takes a more optimistic view. “I’m pretty comfortable saying Centene’s likely to grow their overall HIX [health insurance exchange] earnings, because they’re going to be in so many more places with higher premiums,” he tells AIS Health.

According to Tanal’s analysis, Centene is increasing its county-level, member-weighted bronze plan premium by about 4% and raising premiums across all metal levels by 4% to 6%. Centene is also expanding its geographic footprint next year, a move that Tanal estimates will put the insurer in 61% more counties than it covered in 2020.

But Tanal did notes that the exchanges next year will feature “more competition in the form of fewer monopoly markets and a larger number of local market competitors.”

“It is definitely more competitive,” Kathy Hempstead, senior policy adviser at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, says of the 2021 ACA exchange market. “There’s more participants and it’s not just the Medicaid MCOs spreading out into more places.”

Trends That Matter for Growth Hormone Deficiency Treatments

December 3, 2020

When the FDA approved Novo Nordisk, Inc.’s Sogroya (somapacitan-beco) for the replacement of growth hormone in adults with growth hormone deficiency on Aug. 28, it became the only long-acting agent on the market, AIS Health reported.

There are seven short-acting growth hormones currently available to treat adults with growth hormone deficiency, all of them branded forms of somatropin. Differences among the products, all of which are self-administered, include the strengths available and the type of device to deliver the treatment. But all of them must be administered daily. Sogroya, which also is self-administered, is the only FDA-approved product with weekly dosing.

When the FDA approved Novo Nordisk, Inc.’s Sogroya (somapacitan-beco) for the replacement of growth hormone in adults with growth hormone deficiency on Aug. 28, it became the only long-acting agent on the market, AIS Health reported.

There are seven short-acting growth hormones currently available to treat adults with growth hormone deficiency, all of them branded forms of somatropin. Differences among the products, all of which are self-administered, include the strengths available and the type of device to deliver the treatment. But all of them must be administered daily. Sogroya, which also is self-administered, is the only FDA-approved product with weekly dosing.

Mesfin Tegenu, R.Ph., president of PerformRx, LLC, points out that Sogroya “is a human growth hormone (hGH) analog — an hGH with an added albumin-binding moiety. Up until this point, all hGH products have been a recombinant product, identical copies of hGH (rhGH). The half-life of somapacitan is measured in days (two to three days) while the half-life of rhGH (somatropin) is measured in hours (approximately two-and-a-half hours). The extended half-life of somapacitan allows less frequent (weekly) dosing.”

He says that payers typically have prior authorization on somatropin, with “controls including diagnostic and lab values as prerequisites.” A prescription from an endocrinologist is also a “common practice.”
“Somapacitan is likely to be managed similar to all the other rhGH class of drugs,” Tegenu says, adding that “it is reasonable to classify it as a second-line or nonpreferred agent whose use is allowed only after a trial and failure of or other medical reason for not using a preferred daily rhGH.”

The graphic below show how treatments for growth hormone deficiency are covered among commercial health plans, health exchange programs, Medicare and Medicaid programs under the pharmacy benefit.

Radar On Market Access: MA Insurers Report Strong Performance, Predict Enrollment Growth

December 1, 2020

Select publicly traded insurers reporting third-quarter 2020 earnings this past month predicted big gains in Medicare Advantage enrollment during the current Annual Election Period (AEP), and noted that growth in government products helped offset the impact of commercial losses and COVID-19 costs in the recent quarter, AIS Health reported.

Reporting third-quarter 2020 earnings on Nov. 6, CVS Health Corp. said a 3.5% year-over-year increase in overall revenues was due in part to growth in its Health Care Benefits segment, which includes Aetna. Revenues in that segment rose 8.8% from the prior-year quarter to $18.7 billion, primarily driven by membership increases in Aetna’s government products and the favorable impact of the return of the Affordable Care Act health insurer fee for 2020.

Select publicly traded insurers reporting third-quarter 2020 earnings this past month predicted big gains in Medicare Advantage enrollment during the current Annual Election Period (AEP), and noted that growth in government products helped offset the impact of commercial losses and COVID-19 costs in the recent quarter, AIS Health reported.

Reporting third-quarter 2020 earnings on Nov. 6, CVS Health Corp. said a 3.5% year-over-year increase in overall revenues was due in part to growth in its Health Care Benefits segment, which includes Aetna. Revenues in that segment rose 8.8% from the prior-year quarter to $18.7 billion, primarily driven by membership increases in Aetna’s government products and the favorable impact of the return of the Affordable Care Act health insurer fee for 2020.

Although earnings for the quarter dropped slightly from adjusted earnings per share of $1.84 a year ago to $1.66 (mostly due to COVID-related expenses), CVS raised its full-year adjusted EPS guidance to a range of $7.35 to $7.45.

Aetna President Karen Lynch, who will take over for CVS Health President and CEO Larry Merlo when he retires in February, said the insurer believes it is poised for “above-market growth” in MA in 2021 and beyond.

For the quarter ending Sept. 30, Humana Inc. reported adjusted EPS of $3.08, down from $5.03 in the year-ago quarter as a result of COVID- related expenses, as the company experienced lower-than-usual utilization that was largely offset by higher COVID testing and treatment costs, said Chief Financial Officer Brian Kane. “Accordingly, in the fourth quarter, we expect to record a loss of approximately $2.40 on an adjusted EPS basis, and are tightening our full-year 2020 EPS guidance to a range of $18.50 to $18.75, still within our initial guidance expectations prior to COVID,” he stated, as per a transcript of the call from The Motley Fool.

Humana for the year expects its individual MA membership to grow by approximately 375,000 lives, representing year-over-year growth of approximately 10%.

Pointing to continued expansion of its MA business as a growth driver, Cigna Corp. President and CEO David Cordani during a Nov. 5 earnings call said the company is on track to achieve a strategic EPS goal of $20 to $21 next year. Cigna reported adjusted EPS of $4.41 for the third quarter and anticipates full-year consolidated adjusted EPS of $18.30 to $18.60.

Perspectives on CMS Insulin Demo

November 26, 2020

In 2021, about half of enhanced stand-alone Prescription Drug Plans (PDPs) and a little more than a third of Medicare Advantage-Prescription Drug (MA-PD) plans will participate in a new demonstration that aims to lower diabetic seniors’ out-of-pocket costs by capping copays at $35 for a broad set of insulin products, according to a new analysis by consulting firm Avalere Health.

Among the 310 enhanced PDPs that opted to participate in CMS’s Part D Senior Savings Model for 2021, the average enrollment-weighted premium is $57.53 — $23.46 higher than the average premium for non-participating plans, the analysis found. But in the MA-PD space, the average enrollment-weighted premium for the 1,287 participating plans is $10.36 less than the cost of non-participating plans ($22.74 versus $33.10).

In 2021, about half of enhanced stand-alone Prescription Drug Plans (PDPs) and a little more than a third of Medicare Advantage-Prescription Drug (MA-PD) plans will participate in a new demonstration that aims to lower diabetic seniors’ out-of-pocket costs by capping copays at $35 for a broad set of insulin products, according to a new analysis by consulting firm Avalere Health.

Among the 310 enhanced PDPs that opted to participate in CMS’s Part D Senior Savings Model for 2021, the average enrollment-weighted premium is $57.53 — $23.46 higher than the average premium for non-participating plans, the analysis found. But in the MA-PD space, the average enrollment-weighted premium for the 1,287 participating plans is $10.36 less than the cost of non-participating plans ($22.74 versus $33.10).

Tom Kornfield, one of the co-authors of the Avalere report and a senior consultant with the firm, tells AIS Health one reason why PDPs with higher premiums tended to participate in the demonstration may be that “the additional protections [for consumers] cost the plans more money, so they’re increasing their bids as a result of that.”

Regarding why the average premium for participating MA-PD plans is lower than non-participating plans, Kornfield notes that, unlike stand-alone PDPs, such plans can reap the benefits of any cost savings associated with the demonstration’s ability to improve medication adherence and diabetes management.

CMS unveiled the Part D Senior Savings Model in March, and in May it said that 1,750 PDPs and MA-PD plans applied to participate, as well as the three major insulin manufacturers: Eli Lilly and Co., Novo Nordisk Inc. and Sanofi SA.

For seniors who sign up for plans that participate in the new model, the main benefit is a maximum copay of $35 each for a month’s supply of insulin while in the deductible, initial coverage and coverage-gap phases of the Part D benefit, rather than cost-sharing amounts that vary by coverage phase.

Kornfield says he was somewhat surprised that so many plan sponsors opted into the demonstration for 2021. “I don’t know that I anticipated quite as much participation, but having said that, the major insulin manufacturers are all voluntarily participating in the demonstration, so I think that makes a big difference.”

Radar On Market Access: Teledermatology Program Reduces Patient Wait Time But Doesn’t Increase Utilization

November 26, 2020

A pilot telemedicine program dramatically reduced the amount of time it took for primary care physicians to consult with dermatologists on skin ailments but did not increase utilization or cost, according to a new study from Independence Blue Cross and the University of Pennsylvania, AIS Health reported.

“Dermatology is an ideal specialty for telemedicine due to the visual nature of the clinical assessment,” says study co-author Aaron Smith-McLallen, director of health informatics and advanced analytics at Independence Blue Cross. “Using telemedicine, patients can get quality care very quickly and reduce wait times for patients with more acute needs that are not suitable for telemedicine intervention.”

A pilot telemedicine program dramatically reduced the amount of time it took for primary care physicians to consult with dermatologists on skin ailments but did not increase utilization or cost, according to a new study from Independence Blue Cross and the University of Pennsylvania, AIS Health reported.

“Dermatology is an ideal specialty for telemedicine due to the visual nature of the clinical assessment,” says study co-author Aaron Smith-McLallen, director of health informatics and advanced analytics at Independence Blue Cross. “Using telemedicine, patients can get quality care very quickly and reduce wait times for patients with more acute needs that are not suitable for telemedicine intervention.”

The study provides a blueprint for teledermatology programs that plans could potentially implement as soon as 2021, and also could show a path forward for telemedicine in other specialties, says F. Randy Vogenberg, Ph.D., principal, Institute for Integrated Healthcare in Greenville, S.C.

“Carriers are assessing how to best manage new technology-enabled care delivery in a more systematic manner that addresses their need to control financial risk while providing appropriate access to care,” Vogenberg tells AIS Health. “A study result like this clearly establishes the value proposition of providing a win-win scenario by leveraging technology to aid broader, easier access to care without increasing total costs associated with such expanded care delivery.”

The study, published in the journal Telemedicine and e-Health, examined implementation of teledermatology at five University of Pennsylvania Health System primary care practices in 2016 and 2017.

In the teledermatology arm of the study, dermatologists’ average response time was five hours, while in the “usual care” control arm, it took 84 days for primary care physicians to consult with dermatologists.

Teledermatology patients who were recommended for in-person evaluation completed visits to the dermatologist in fewer than four weeks, compared with longer than 14 weeks for controls, according to the study. Meanwhile, there were no significant differences detected in average outpatient costs or total medical costs between the two groups.

The store-and-forward evaluation approach has been used in other specialties, such as radiology and pathology, and Independence is exploring ways to expand its use, Smith-McLallen says.

Radar On Market Access: Centene Expands ACA Footprint But Faces More Competition

November 24, 2020

Centene Corp., which has come to dominate the Affordable Care Act exchange market by continuing to expand even when other carriers pulled back, is facing more competition now that the market has stabilized and insurer participation has increased, AIS Health reported.

Given that dynamic, Citi analyst Ralph Giacobbe advised investors recently that he was placing a “negative catalyst watch” on Centene due to the new competitive pressures it’s facing. Centene, he observed, “was displaced as the lowest priced plan in a number of markets,” and so the insurer “will have to rely on retention and new market entry to offset competitive pressures, which could prove challenging and may stunt growth relative to expectations.”

Centene Corp., which has come to dominate the Affordable Care Act exchange market by continuing to expand even when other carriers pulled back, is facing more competition now that the market has stabilized and insurer participation has increased, AIS Health reported.

Given that dynamic, Citi analyst Ralph Giacobbe advised investors recently that he was placing a “negative catalyst watch” on Centene due to the new competitive pressures it’s facing. Centene, he observed, “was displaced as the lowest priced plan in a number of markets,” and so the insurer “will have to rely on retention and new market entry to offset competitive pressures, which could prove challenging and may stunt growth relative to expectations.”

SVB Leerink analyst Stephen Tanal, however, takes a more optimistic view. “I’m pretty comfortable saying Centene’s likely to grow their overall HIX [health insurance exchange] earnings, because they’re going to be in so many more places with higher premiums,” he tells AIS Health.

According to Tanal’s analysis, Centene is increasing its county-level, member-weighted bronze plan premium by about 4% and raising premiums across all metal levels by 4% to 6%. Centene is also expanding its geographic footprint next year, a move that Tanal estimates will put the insurer in 61% more counties than it covered in 2020.

But Tanal did notes that the exchanges next year will feature “more competition in the form of fewer monopoly markets and a larger number of local market competitors.”

“It is definitely more competitive,” Kathy Hempstead, senior policy adviser at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, says of the 2021 ACA exchange market. “There’s more participants and it’s not just the Medicaid MCOs spreading out into more places.”

In fact, a new Kaiser Family Foundation analysis found that 30 insurers are entering the individual market next year across 20 states, and 61 insurers are expanding in states where they already operated.

However, “even though there’s a lot of new competition in the marketplace this year, I think that it’s definitely pretty fragmented so far,” Hempstead says. “UnitedHealth came back into a handful of states, Bright Health went into a handful of states, but it’s nothing like the scale that Centene has.”