PBMs Will Face Pressure From Transparency Rules, Startups

This year, PBMs will continue to face growing pressure from plan sponsors, regulators and policymakers to prove that they deliver value and keep drug costs down — and could face additional legislative or regulatory challenges to the way they do business. Meanwhile, investors are likely to put even more capital into startups that challenge the traditional pharmacy benefit paradigm, and the post-pandemic boom in risk-based contracting could expand into pharmacy benefits.

Federal and state regulators have increased scrutiny on PBMs in recent years. In particular, state efforts to regulate PBMs were buoyed by the Supreme Court’s 2020 decision in Rutledge v. Pharmaceutical Care Management Association (PCMA), a lawsuit in which the justices held that states were not in violation of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) in attempting to regulate the rates at which PBMs reimburse pharmacies. According to the National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP), a think tank and policy advocacy group, so far this year 42 states considered 111 bills relating to PBM regulation in 2021. That activity is likely to continue in 2022.

© 2022 MMIT
Peter Johnson

Peter Johnson

Peter has been a reporter for nearly a decade. Before joining AIS Health, Peter covered a wide variety of topics in his hometown of Seattle, where he continues to live. Peter’s work has appeared in publications including The Atlantic and The Stranger. Peter attended Colby College.

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